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Makar Sankranti

The festival of Makar Sankranti falls on the fourteenth or fifteenth day of the month of January. According to astrology, Sun enters Capricorn from Sagittarius, then Makar Sankranti occurs.

In Tamil Nadu, it is celebrated as Pongal. In Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, it is simply called Sankranti. The provinces of Goa, Odisha, Haryana, Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Jammu etc. are called Makar Sankranti. In Haryana and Punjab, it is celebrated as Lohri on January 13, a day before. Paush Sankranti, Makar Sankraman etc. are also some famous names.

Uttarayan is the day of the gods

The Uttarayan period is considered by the sages to be important for chanting, asceticism and attainment of siddhi. It is considered to be the day of the gods. In the Gita, Shri Krishna himself has said that during the six months of Uttarayan, the earth is light. Apart from this, Uttarayan is considered as the day of the gods and Dakshinayan is the night of the gods. Uttarayana is a symbol of auspiciousness and light, and Dakshinayana considers the path of Kalanka Kalima. Sri Krishna calls it the repetitive smoke passage.

In the year 2020, the sun will be Uttarayan on the night of 14 January and the festival of Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on 15 January. It is wrong to say that the sun is also Uttarayan on this day. The fact is that Uttarayan begins on December 21-22. About eighteen hundred years ago, due to planetary mathematics, the Sankranti and Uttarayan positions used to be at the same time. Perhaps this is why Sankranti and Uttarayan are considered the same in some places.