Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha, also known as Shraddha or Kanagata, begins with Shraddha Purnima and ends on the day of Sarv Pitra Amavasya after sixteen days. Hindus pay respects, thanks and tributes to their ancestors (ie fathers), especially through food offerings.

It is believed that at the time of Shraddha, ancestors come to earth to bless their relatives. The interpretation of Shraddha Karma is found in both the epic Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

An episode of Pitru Paksha from Mahabharata:

An episode of Shraddha follows from the epic Mahabharata, after the end of the war between the Kaurava-Pandavas, when everything was over, Danveer Karna reached heaven after death. Gold, silver and ornaments were served at the meal instead of food. At this, he asked Indra, the lord of heaven, the reason for this.

At this, Indra told Karna that throughout his life he donated only gold, silver and diamonds, but never donated any food in the name of his ancestors. Karna replied that he had no knowledge about his ancestors, so he was unable to do so.

Sarvapitrita Amavasya

The last day of Pitru Paksha is known as Sarvapitrita Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya. Mahalaya Amavasya is the most important day of Pitru Paksha. People who do not know the exact date / day of their ancestors' death, remember this day by dedicating tribute and food to them.

Pratipada Shradh, Dwitiya Shradh, Tritiya Shradh, Chaturthi Shradh, Panchami Shradh, Shashthi Shradh, Saptami Shradh, Ashtami Shradh, Navami Shradh, Dashmi Shradh, Ekadashi Shradh,  Dwadashi Sanyadhi Shraddha Trayodashi Shradh


On Chaturdashi Tithi, death of the dead is done by weapons, poisons, accidents, even if they died on some other date.

Moonless Night

Shraddha of Amavas, Shraadh of those of unknown date, Shraddha of all sages The dedication, body and donation done with reverence for fathers is called Shraddha. According to the belief, when the sun enters Kanyarashi, the ancestors descend from the hereafter and come to live with their sons and grandchildren, hence it is also called Kanagat.

Pind Daan or Shraddha Karma can be performed on the new moon of every month for the peace of the ancestors, but the importance of Shraddha in Pitru Paksha is considered more important.

How to worship ancestors in ancestral side? The ancestor, ancestor or deceased member of the family, if you remember the date of the other person's death, should pay obeisance on the same date falling on the ancestral side. If the date of death is not known, shraddh can be performed on the day of Sarvapritri Amavasya, which is also known as Mahalaya Amavasya. If there is a premature death due to an accident or self-immolation etc., then Shraddha is performed on Chaturdashi Tithi.

The law has been told to perform Shraddha for three generations. Every year, Yamraj frees all the living beings in the Shraddha Paksha, so that he can go to his kith and accept the offering. In the three ancestors, the father is considered like Vasu, Rudra Devta is considered as grandfather and Aditya Devata is considered as great grandfather. These are  considered representative of all other ancestors at the time of Shraddh.

Sacred places of India for Shraddha rituals

According to Hindu mythology, there are some important places in India which are famous for performing Shraddha rituals for the peace and happiness of the departed souls.